National park Durmitor
Durmitor, the most beautiful and highest mountain in Montenegro ant it is also a national park.
The name Durmitor is probably derived from Balkan Romance-Vlach, meaning “sleeping place” (cognate with English dormitory).
The Durmitor National Park, created in 1952, includes the massif of Durmitor, the canyons of Tara, Sušica and Draga rivers and the higher part of the canyon plateau Komarnica, covering an area of 390 km². It is the largest protected area in Montenegro, and it was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1980.
80 kilometers long and 1,300 meters deep, the Tara River Canyon in the Durmitor National Park is the deepest gorge in Europe, and is the second largest in the world, after the Grand Canyon
Durmitor mountain is the center of Montenegrin mountain tourism. The tourist facilities are concentrated around the town of Žabljak. In winter, the main activities on Durmitor are skiing and snowboarding. In summer, the activities shift to hiking, mountaineering and recreational tourism. Water sports are also practiced in the area. One of the most prominent attractions of Durmitor mountain are 18 glacial lakes, the best known of which is the Black Lake.
One of the main attractions in Durmitor is also Red Rock Zip Line, that goes at top of the canyon next to the famous bridge. Also if you pass by there canyoning is a must. It is organised in the Nevidio Canyon.
Because of its attractiveness, and tight interaction with the other destinations we offer, Durmitor is also the place where we often spend our time and where we are welcomed as guests. With you, of course! Usually it is in the summer, when the good-natured giant opens his hands and arms to accommodate all those who want a holiday, or even just a break in the fresh and bracing mountain air. And there are more. Diverse and unspoiled nature Durmitor, is an ideal destination for all those who love adventure and active holidays.
Zabljak, on altitude of 1400 meters above sea level, is the highest urban village in the region, the residence of the National Park Durmitor. National park Durmitor is famous and popular winter resort, but this place is alive all year round and is well visited in the summer as well. In those summer months, it looks like a large kitchen where something is constantly is cooking and only the best travel gourmets coming out, spicy blend of traditional and modern. Even the most demanding, will not go away disappointed. More and more tourists identify Zabljak as an ideal starting point for all activities that mountain tourism has to offer. And there are a lot of these in Durmitor from stroll the beautiful parts of the park, across rafting on the Tara River and adrenaline adventures in the canyon Nevidio, until summer skiing on the glacier.
Possibilities are inexhaustible and as well as their combination. Here everyone can find the ideal activity.
Žabljak can be approached from the following directions:
- Prijepolje – Pljevlja – Žabljak (95km route),
- Mojkovac – Đurđevića Tara – Žabljak (65km route),
- Nikšić – Šavnik – Žabljak (75km route) .
The closest railway station is in Mojkovac, Belgrade – Bar, and keep in mind that Prijepolje is on the same railway line. The nearest international airport is in Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro. Two roads lead from Podgorica to Žabljak, via Nikšić and Šavnik (130km route) or via Kolašin and Mojkovac (170 km route).
Other nearby airports are in:
Tivat (Airport Tivat – Budva – Cetinje – Podgorica – Nikšić – Šavnik – Žabljak: 210km route)
Dubrovnik (Airport Dubrovnik – Trebinje – Vilusi – Nikšić – Šavnik – Žabljak: 180km route)
Or (Airport Dubrovnik – Herceg Novi – Grahovo – Nikšić – Šavnik – Žabljak: 180km route)
Other airports are in Sarajevo and in Belgrade.
If you are planing a hike or a trek tour on Žabljak, you can even do it without the guide, because many of the trek / hike routes are marked. Accommodation at Žabljak is cheap, you will spend less than 10 euros / night.
When you leave camp Encijan and head to Šćepan polje, keep in mind that Žabljak is two – two and a half hours away from Šćepan Polje and that Žabljak is two hours away from the sea.
Đurđevića Tara bridge
One of the things that will forever relate a traveler with Montenegro and Tara is not the work of nature, but of man. Merged in the very essence of rock that Tara relentlessly cuts, with almost natural grace and grandeur worthy of reverence, along with the river, lives the Djurdjevica Tara Bridge.
Đurđevića Tara Bridge, which was designed by Mijat Trojanović, was built between 1937 and 1940 in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The project’s Chief Engineer was Isaac Russo.
The 365-metre-long (1,198 ft) bridge has five arches; the largest span is 116 meter’s (381 ft). The roadway stands 172 metres (564 ft) above the Tara River. At the time of its completion, it was the biggest vehicular concrete arch bridge in Europe. t is located at the crossroads between Mojkovac, Žabljak and Pljevlja, between the villages of Budečevica and Trešnjica.
Nice architectural structure to observe, magnificent and enormous. Great thrill is taking zip line next to it and go across the valley. The view from the bridge is really memorable and the bridge itself is quite interesting. We can’t imagine a deep canyon without a zip line. The zip line starting point is on the height of 170, above the river Tara and the zip line cable is more then 800 m The speed is 50 km per hour the most beautiful and exciting part goes under the famous Djurdjevica Most bridge. This landmark allows adventurers to take in one specific famous place from below and up above.
Near the bridge, there are restaurants where you can relax and enjoy.
Amazing bridge & scenery well worth a visit.
Black Lake is a lake in the Municipality of Žabljak in northern Montenegro.
It is a glacial lake, located on Mount Durmitor, at an elevation of 1,416 m.
Black Lake lies at the foot of Međed Peak and has an area of 0.515 square km. The lake consists of two smaller lakes: Big Lake (Veliko jezero) and Little Lake (Malo jezero). The lakes are connected by a narrow strait that dries up during the summer, creating two separate bodies of water.
Black Lake is filled by numerous mountain streams, the best known being Mlin Creek. Other streams have no name because they appear periodically, when snow from Mount Durmitor is melting.
Black Lake is the premium tourist attraction of the Durmitor area. It is the largest and the best known of 18 glacial lakes on the mountain. The lake is easily accessible, as it is within walking distance from the center of the town of Žabljak.
A 3.5 km walking path circles around entire lake, and it is a popular destination for recreation and hiking. Many mountain trails lead from it to other smaller lakes around Žabljak.
The water temperature exceeds 22 degrees years, so that during the hot summer months, the lake is a paradise for swimmers.
Black Lake may be more symbolic oh this region beauty than its only attraction – meaning that if you venture far and wide in Durmitor Park, Black Lake and the many other glacial lakes of Durmitor may inspire you to return to the region in future years.
Bobotov kuk is the highest peak in NP Durmitor, situated in northern Montenegro, with an elevation of 2,525 meters. Stunning view and a sense of accomplishment.
The first recorded ascent of Bobotov Kuk was in 1883 by an Austrian cartographer, Oscar Baumann.
The route to the peak is well marked with clear signposts and trail markings. It is approximately a 10-hour round trip as long as a moderate pace is maintained. The outward walk consists of approximately 4 – 5 hours hiking until the last ascent where it is a scramble to just below the peak.
The mountain peak welcomes all visitors with a beautiful view on Durmitor Mountains which is worth all the effort, the views were continuously fabulous. Astonishing landscapes all the way and when you reach the top is breath taking. There´s a book where you can write that you’ve been there.
The summit of Bobotov Kuk is one of the highest in Montenegro and you are supposed to have a breathtaking view from up there. You eyes wander from Bosnia and Herzegovina all the way to Albania.
The ascent to Bobotov Kuk is a great pleasure for all mountaineers, because it is worth of hiking. Due to its beautiful location in the rugged mountain scape of Durmitor National Park, it is definitely worth a visit. There are numerous hikes in Durmitor National Park but the one up Bobotov Kuk is the ultimate one.
Great challenge, few hours of trekking and climbing … Challenging but rewarding.
Sedlena Greda (2227 m) is one of the most impressive and most beautiful peaks of Durmitor. Also, Sedlena Greda is for sure one of the most beautiful world’s natural wonders. That’s the reason while many people call that peak ‘Saddle of Gods’.
Sedlo (1907m) is highest road pass in Monte Negro. It is crossed by Zabljak – Trsa road, which is mostly macadam. It is placed between Sedlena Greda (2227m), on the south, and Uvita Greda (2199m), on the north, 12 km from Zabljak. Of those 12 last 3 km are macadam, which is currently quite bad, but passable for all cars if you drive slowly. To reach Sedlo pass head from center of Zabljak towards Savnik (south). Road goes over undulating grassy Jezerska Povrs plateau. After 5 km table by the road will show you that Trsa is right. Over the plateau road heads towards Sljeme and Savin Kuk who show their soft green slopes from this side. Along the plateau many small houses are scattered, view is fantastic. Then road turns left and winds up gradually, over the open grassy slopes, through Virak village and rare beech groves behind it. Left below the road is Poscensko Jezero (1487m) lake. After few kilometers, below beautiful steep and sharp cone of Stozina (1905m), asphalt ends and macadam enters upper part of Poscenska Dolina valley. Left is beautiful rocky Ranisava (2081m) and sharp green Sedlena Greda (2227m). In front of, right of Sedlo pass, is also green and sharp Uvita Greda (2199m). Right above the road are high and green slopes of Sljeme (2455m). After 3 km of macadam and two sharp serpentines road reaches Sedlo pass.
Harsh, but beautiful landscape of Durmitor massif is adorned by pearl of unusual beauty and still more unusual name – Nevidio (Unseen). It was last discovered canyon in Europe, narrow and deep rift that has been carved by a small river Komarninca between the slopes of Durmitor and Vojnik.
Inaccessible terrain kept the magical beauty from the eyes for a long time.
Just the name symbolically speaks of canyon: that you cannot see, which has not been seen…
After several serious, but unsuccessful attempts, the Canyon was finally conquered in 1965. In an attempt to explore this last untouched part of Europe, members mountaineering association “Javorak” from Niksic (Montenegro), modestly equipped, but armed with persistence and determination, entered the canyon, and followed the course of the river (about 3.5 km, which is its length), and eventually passed trough.
While being most inaccessible and inhospitable canyon in Europe, Nevidio is now available to all true nature lovers, adventurers and adrenaline addicts, ready to respond to the challenges of this mysterious place.
For all those adrenaline junkies, there is a range of activities that canyoning consists of- a sport that has brought them to the gates of the canyon Nevidio. Mix consists of climbing, jumping into the turbulent waves from several meters in height, swimming through cuts, diving, descending down the cliffs and waterfalls, with or without ropes… and adrenaline…
High stone walls prevent the passage of sunlight to the bottom, and most of the canyons is in a deep shadow. This constant struggle of light and shadow, create unfavorable conditions for rich vegetation, but also „clean” textures of rocks. Along places where the sunlight is refracted through the prism of crystal clear water and projected onto the stone walls, creates a specific atmosphere of art gallery… and then simply enjoy the beautiful pictures.
The total are of National Park Durmitor is 390 square kilometers
The highest peek of National Park is Bobotov Kuk (2.522 meters)
Podgorica (located in central Montenegro); Zabljak( located in northern Montenegro); Niksic (located in the west of Montenegro)
Sarajevo International Airport (B&H); Podgorica International Airport (MNE); Dubrovnik International Airport (CRO)
More popular attractions
Bosnia and Herzegovina, a heart shaped land, has a lot to offer when It comes to tourism. Spacious mountain views, emerald green lakes, beautiful landscape and picturesque towns. West and the East meet here, so you will learn a lot about cultures, traditions and people. Share what you have learned with your friends at Encijan’s campfire. When It comes to the tours that we organize, here are some destinations that we recommend you to visit:
Choose your favorite ADVENTURE !
According to our many years experience in outdoor tourism, we are able to offer you more variants from our well designed arrangements (or packages) from one day and multiple days adventures tour in our country. Shell us, together with you, go into a little adventure and fearlessly stream our boats down the Tara and its boiling cascades…Or we go together with you with our backpacks to cruise along one of the most beautiful national parks in The Balkans…And maybe we’ll just get lazy together with you and enjoy the ethnic specialties of our cuisine…We have created programs which will exceed all your expectations! Whether you are an adrenaline junkie, nature lover, history buff or even foodie – do not worry, we have got you covered! Choose a program that fits your personality the best and live through an unforgettable experience!
It`s your choice…
Camp Encijan has capacity of 100 beds in 15 mountain huts (bungalows). All huts are built entirely from natural materials, breathable and comfortable. Furniture within the bungalow is new.
Two mountain houses – chalets (each 55 m2) are fully furnished with new furniture and comprise of bathroom, kitchen and a spacious living room on the ground floor and two double bedrooms in the attic. Toilets, sinks and showers are decently furnished, immaculately clean and fully meet the needs of a modern person.Hot water is available in shower
Our traditional homemade cuisine and organic food prepared at our Camp Encijan, which we offer as part of our packages, is another reason why most of our long term and satisfied guests wish to visit us again.
The huge amounts of our delicious home-made food is prepared with love and in a traditional way, entirely from fresh organic food which we provide from our natural surroundings. In a moment, every new bite know to send you to some other and slightly forgotten dimension, in a time of our grandmother’s cuisine.
Prospective guides for Encijan Adventure team spend five years minimum perfecting their Tara River rafting skills under the guidance of veteran trip leaders before earning the position of “Rafting Skipper”. New guides, or guides in training, are known as “Skipper Interns” and it takes a very special person, full of passion, to be successful on the river and work in the natural wilderness of the Tara River Canyon.